What is Denial of Service (DoS) Attack? Webopedia Definition #dos #attack,

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DoS attack – Denial of Service attack

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Short for d enial-o f-s ervice attack, a type of attack on a network that is designed to bring the network to its knees by flooding it with useless traffic. Many DoS attacks, such as the Ping of Death and Teardrop attacks, exploit limitations in the TCP/IP protocols. For all known DoS attacks, there are software fixes that system administrators can install to limit the damage caused by the attacks. But, like viruses. new DoS attacks are constantly being dreamed up by hackers .

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18/09/2017

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What is Network Monitoring? Webopedia Definition #network #monitoring #definition, #network #monitoring,

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network monitoring

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In network management terms, network monitoring is the phrase used to describe a system that continuously monitors a network and notifies a network administrator though messaging systems (usually e-mail ) when a device fails or an outage occurs. Network monitoring is usually performed through the use of software applications and tools.

At the most basic level, ping is a type of network monitoring tool. Other commercial software packages may include a network monitoring system that is designed to monitor an entire business or enterprise network.

Some applications are used to monitor traffic on your network, such as VoIP monitoring, video stream monitoring, mail server (POP3 server) monitoring, and others.

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13/09/2017

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Numbers #numbers, #online #dictionary, #english #dictionary, #numbers #definition, #define #numbers, #definition

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Numbers

1. digit, figure. 2. Number, sum both imply the total of two or more units. Number applies to the result of a count or estimate in which the units are considered as individuals; it is used of groups of persons or things: to have a number of items on the agenda. Sum applies to the result of addition, in which only the total is considered: a large sum of money. 20. copy, edition.

Usage note Expand

2. As a collective noun, number, when preceded by a, is most often treated as a plural: A number of legislators have voiced their dissent. When preceded by the, it is usually used as a singular: The number of legislators present was small. See also amount. collective noun.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Numbers Expand

If Bush had managed to put a Social Security privatization bill before Congress, our Numbers would be different.

All that is a prelude to explain the significance of the Numbers at the top: 51 percent, 47 percent, and then 32 percent.

It should be noted that the Anti-Coup movement has been known to exaggerate facts and Numbers.

The Daily Beast crunches the Numbers to determine the 25 cities with the greenest citizens.

Again, consider the Numbers. those two fatal attacks by Hasan and Bledsoe killed a total of 14 people.

They are not like Numbers and figures, always and everywhere of the same value.

What but a want, which you perhaps think mad, Yet Numbers feel the want of what he had!

The Registrar returns the Numbers for 1916 at 1,427 small holders.

As yet a child, nor yet a fool to fame, I lisped in Numbers. for the Numbers came.

The most familiar case of such realities is that of Numbers.

a concept of quantity that is or can be derived from a single unit, the sum of a collection of units, or zero. Every number occupies a unique position in a sequence, enabling it to be used in counting. It can be assigned to one or more sets that can be arranged in a hierarchical classification: every number is a complex number ; a complex number is either an imaginary number or a real number. and the latter can be a rational number or an irrational number ; a rational number is either an integer or a fraction. while an irrational number can be a transcendental number or an algebraic number See complex number. imaginary number. real number. rational number. irrational number. integer. fraction. transcendental number. algebraic number See also cardinal number. ordinal number

the symbol used to represent a number; numeral

a numeral or string of numerals used to identify a person or thing, esp in numerical order: a telephone number

the person or thing so identified or designated: she was number seven in the race

the sum or quantity of equal or similar units or things: a large number of people

one of a series, as of a magazine or periodical; issue

  1. a self-contained piece of pop or jazz music
  2. a self-contained part of an opera or other musical score, esp one for the stage

a group or band of people, esp an exclusive group: he was not one of our number

( slang ) a person, esp a woman: who’s that nice little number?

( informal ) an admired article, esp an item of clothing for a woman: that little number is by Dior

( slang ) a cannabis cigarette: roll another number

a grammatical category for the variation in form of nouns, pronouns, and any words agreeing with them, depending on how many persons or things are referred to, esp as singular or plural in number and in some languages dual or trial

any number of, several or many

( military ) by numbers, (of a drill procedure, etc) performed step by step, each move being made on the call of a number

( US. slang ) do a number on someone, to manipulate or trick someone

( informal ) get someone’s number, have someone’s number, to discover someone’s true character or intentions

in numbers, in large numbers; numerously

( Brit. informal ) one’s number is up, one is finished; one is ruined or about to die

without number, beyond number, of too great a quantity to be counted; innumerable

verb ( mainly transitive )

number

c.1300, “sum, aggregate of a collection,” from Anglo-French noumbre. Old French nombre and directly from Latin numerus “a number, quantity,” from PIE root *nem- “to divide, distribute, allot” (related to Greek nemein “to deal out;” see nemesis ). Meaning “symbol or figure of arithmatic value” is from late 14c. Meaning “single (numbered) issue of a magazine” is from 1795. The meaning “musical selection” (1885) is from vaudeville theater programs, where acts were marked by a number. Meaning “dialing combination to reach a particular telephone receiver” is from 1879; hence wrong number (1886).

Number one “oneself” is from 1704 (mock-Italian form numero uno attested from 1973); the biblical Book of Numbers (c.1400, Latin Numeri. Greek Arithmoi ) so called because it begins with a census of the Israelites. Slang number one and number two for “urination” and “defecation” attested from 1902. Number cruncher is 1966, of machines; 1971, of persons. To get or have (someone’s) number “have someone figured out” is attested from 1853. The numbers “illegal lottery” is from 1897, American English.

c.1300, “to count,” from Old French nombrer “to count, reckon,” from nombre (n.) “number” (see number (n.)). Meaning “to assign a number to” is late 14c.; that of “to ascertain the number of” is from early 15c. Related: Numbered ; numbering .

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Numbers in Medicine Expand

A symbol expressive of a certain value or of a specific quantity determined by count.

The place of any unit in a series.

The American Heritage® Stedman’s Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Numbers in Science Expand

A member of the set of positive integers. Each number is one of a series of unique symbols, each of which has exactly one predecessor except the first symbol in the series (1), and none of which are the predecessor of more than one number.

A member of any of the further sets of mathematical objects defined in terms of such numbers, such as negative integers, real numbers, and complex numbers.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Numbers in Culture Expand

number definition

The grammatical category that classifies a noun. pronoun. or verb as singular or plural. Woman, it. and is are singular; women, they. and are are plural.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Slang definitions & phrases for Numbers Expand

numbers

A player’s averages, statistics, etc; stats : I’ve always thought numbers were a hill of beans. The only numbers that matter are wins and losses(Sports)

number

  1. A person, esp one considered to be clever and resourceful or attractive; article. hot number • Always preceded by an adjective or by the locution ”quite a”: some dizzy broad that must have been a snappy number/ bored-looking number(1919+)
  2. A piece of merchandise, esp of clothing; article : Ifound a number I liked pretty well(1894+)
  3. A theatrical act or routine, esp a song; shtick : He does that number with the tablecloth(1885+ Show business)
  4. A tactic or trick; act : When he’s pulling one of his numbers, he knows what he’s doing(1970s+)
  5. A casual homosexual partner; trick (Homosexuals)
  6. A marijuana cigarette: smoked a couple of numbers in the room(1960s+ Narcotics)

[merchandise sense fr the model number that most retail items have]

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with Numbers Expand





06/09/2017

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What are Mutual Funds #define #mutual #fund, #types #of #mutual #funds,

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What is a Mutual Fund. Types of Mutual Funds in India – Latest NAV and Market Risks

What are Mutual Funds? Define Mutual Fund / Definition of Mutual Funds ( MF ) in India

Mutual funds are in the form of Trust (usually called Asset Management Company) that manages the pool of money collected from various investors for investment in various classes of assets to achieve certain financial goals. We can say that Mutual Fund is trusts which pool the savings of large number of investors and then reinvests those funds for earning profits and then distribute the dividend among the investors. In return for such services, Asset Management Companies charge small fees. Every Mutual Fund / launches different schemes, each with a specific objective. Investors who share the same objectives invests in that particular Scheme. Each Mutual Fund Scheme is managed by a Fund Manager with the help of his team of professionals (One Fund Manage may be managing more than one scheme also).

Where does Mutual Funds usually invest their funds :

The Mutual Funds usually invest their funds in equities, bonds, debentures, call money etc. depending on the objectives and terms of scheme floated by MF. Now a days there are MF which even invest in gold or other asset classes.

What is NAV. Define NAV :

NAV means Net Asset Value. The investments made by a Mutual Fund are marked to market on daily basis. In other words, we can say that current market value of such investments is calculated on daily basis. NAV is arrived at after deducting all liabilities (except unit capital) of the fund from the realisable value of all assets and dividing by number of units outstanding. Therefore, NAV on a particular day reflects the realisable value that the investor will get for each unit if the scheme is liquidated on that date. This NAV keeps on changing with the changes in the market rates of equity and bond markets. Therefore, the investments in Mutual Funds is not risk free, but a good managed Fund can give you regular and higher returns than when you can get from fixed deposits of a bank etc.

WHAT ARE VARIOUS TYPES OF MUTUAL FUNDS :

A common man is so much confused about the various kinds of Mutual Funds that he is afraid of investing in these funds as he can not differentiate between various types of Mutual Funds with fancy names. Mutual Funds can be classified into various categories under the following heads:-

(A) ACCORDING TO TYPE OF INVESTMENTS :-While launching a new scheme, every Mutual Fund is supposed to declare in the prospectus the kind of instruments in which it will make investments of the funds collected under that scheme. Thus, the various kinds of Mutual Fund schemes as categorized according to the type of investments are as follows :-

(a) EQUITY FUNDS / SCHEMES

(b) DEBT FUNDS / SCHEMES (also called Income Funds)

(c ) DIVERSIFIED FUNDS / SCHEMES (Also called Balanced Funds)

(d) GILT FUNDS / SCHEMES

(e) MONEY MARKET FUNDS / SCHEMES

(f) SECTOR SPECIFIC FUNDS

B) ACCORDING TO THE TIME OF CLOSURE OF THE SCHEME :While launching new schemes, Mutual Funds also declare whether this will be an open ended scheme (i.e. there is no specific date when the scheme will be closed) or there is a closing date when finally the scheme will be wind up. Thus, according to the time of closure schemes are classified as follows :-

(a) OPEN ENDED SCHEMES

(b) CLOSE ENDED SCHEMES

Open ended funds are allowed to issue and redeem units any time during the life of the scheme, but close ended funds can not issue new units except in case of bonus or rights issue. Therefore, unit capital of open ended funds can fluctuate on daily basis (as new investors may purchase fresh units), but that is not the case for close ended schemes. In other words we can say that new investors can join the scheme by directly applying to the mutual fund at applicable net asset value related prices in case of open ended schemes but not in case of close ended schemes. In case of close ended schemes, new investors can buy the units only from secondary markets.

C) ACCORDING TO TAX INCENTIVE SCHEMES :Mutual Funds are also allowed to float some tax saving schemes. Therefore, sometimes the schemes are classified according to this also:-

(a) TAX SAVING FUNDS

(b) NOT TAX SAVING FUNDS / OTHER FUNDS

(D) ACCORDING TO THE TIME OF PAYOUT :Sometimes Mutual Fund schemes are classified according to the periodicity of the pay outs (i.e. dividend etc.). The categories are as follows :-

(a) Dividend Paying Schemes

(b) Reinvestment Schemes

The mutual fund schemes come with various combinations of the above categories. Therefore, we can have an Equity Fund which is open ended and is dividend paying plan. Before you invest, you must find out what kind of the scheme you are being asked to invest. You should choose a scheme as per your risk capacity and the regularity at which you wish to have the dividends from such schemes

How Does a Mutual Fund Scheme Different from a Portfolio Management Scheme ?

In case of Mutual Fund schemes, the funds of large number of investors is pooled to form a common investible corpus and the gains / losses are same for all the investors during that given peirod of time. On the other hand, in case of Portfolio Management Scheme, the funds of a particular investor remain identifiable and gains and losses for that portfolio are attributable to him only. Each investor’s funds are invested in a separate portfolio and there is no pooling of funds.

Are MFs suitable for Small Investors or Big investors. Why Should I Invest in a Mutual Fund when I can Invest Directly in the Same Instruments

We have already mentioned that like all other investments in equities and debts, the investments in Mutual funds also carry risk. However, investments through Mutual Funds is considered better due to the following reasons :-

(a) Your investments will be managed by professional finance managers who are in a better position to assess the risk profile of the investments;

  • (b) In case you are a small investor, then your investment cannot be spread into equity shares of various good companies due to high price of such shares. Mutual Funds are in a much better position to effectively spread your investments across various sectors and among several products available in the market. This is called risk diversification and can effectively shield the steep slide in the value of your investments.
  • Thus, we can say that Mutual funds are better options for investments as they offer regular investors a chance to diversify their portfolios, which is something they may not be able to do if they decide to make direct investments in stock market or bond market. These are particularly good for small investors who have limited funds and are not aware of the intricacies of stock markets. For example, if you want to build a diversified portfolio of 20 scrips, you would probably need Rs 2,00,000 to get started (assuming that you make minimum investment of Rs 10000 per scrip). However, you can invest in some of the diversified Mutual Fund schemes for an low as Rs.10,000/-

    What are risks by investing funds in Mutual Funds :

    We are aware that investments in stock market are risky as the value of our investments goes up or down with the change in prices of the stocks where we have invested. Therefore, the biggest risk for an investor in Mutual Funds is the market risk. However, different Schemes of Mutual Funds have different risk profile, for example, the Debt Schemes are far less risk than the equity funds. Similarly, Balance Funds are likely to be more risky than Debt Schemes, but less risky than the equity schemes.

    What is the difference between Mutual Funds and Hedge Funds :

    Hedge Funds are the investment portfolios which are aggressively managed and uses advanced investment strategies, such as leveraged, long, short and derivative positions in both domestic and international markets with a goal of generating high returns. In case of Hedged Funds, the number of investors is usually small and minimum investment required is large. Moreover, they are more risky and generally the investor is not allowed to withdraw funds before a fixed tenure.

    Some other important Terms Used in Mutual Funds


    Sale Price. It is the price you pay when you invest in a scheme and is also called Offer Price . It may include a sales load.

    Repurchase Price. – It is the price at which a Mutual Funds repurchases its units and it may include a back-end load. This is also called Bid Price.

    Redemption Price. It is the price at which open-ended schemes repurchase their units and close-ended schemes redeem their units on maturity. Such prices are NAV related.

    Sales Load / Front End Load. It is a charge collected by a scheme when it sells the units. Also called, �Front-end� load. Schemes which do not charge a load at the time of entry are called �No Load� schemes.

    Repurchase / �Back-end� Load. It is a charge collected by a Mufual Funds when it buys back / Repurchases the units from the unit holders.

    You can give your feedback / comments about this Article. Please give only relevant comments as irrelevant comments are waste of time for yourself and our other readers.





    06/09/2017

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  • What is Gateway? Webopedia Definition #node, #network, #gateway, #communication, #server, #lan,

    #

    gateway

    Related Terms

    (n.)(1) A node on a network that serves as an entrance to another network. In enterprises, the gateway is the computer that routes the traffic from a workstation to the outside network that is serving the Web pages. In homes, the gateway is the ISP that connects the user to the internet.

    In enterprises, the gateway node often acts as a proxy server and a firewall. The gateway is also associated with both a router. which use headers and forwarding tables to determine where packets are sent, and a switch. which provides the actual path for the packet in and out of the gateway.

    (2) A computer system located on earth that switches data signals and voice signals between satellites and terrestrial networks.

    (3) An earlier term for router. though now obsolete in this sense as router is commonly used.

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    24/08/2017

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    Seamless – definition of seamless by The Free Dictionary #define #seamless

    #

    seamless

    References in classic literature ?

    And all this mixes with your most mystic mood; so that fact and fancy, half-way meeting, interpenetrate, and form one seamless whole.

    The nighthawk circled overhead in the sunny afternoons — for I sometimes made a day of it — like a mote in the eye, or in heaven’s eye, falling from time to time with a swoop and a sound as if the heavens were rent, torn at last to very rags and tatters, and yet a seamless cope remained; small imps that fill the air and lay their eggs on the ground on bare sand or rocks on the tops of hills, where few have found them; graceful and slender like ripples caught up from the pond, as leaves are raised by the wind to float in the heavens; such kindredship is in nature.

    New Yorkers are passionate about food, whether they’re ordering in on Seamless and eating at home or heading out to explore the newest hot spot,” said Barbara Martin Coppola, CMO, Seamless .

    Major Capacity Expansion Developments in Seamless Pipes Markets

    However, upon realizing the demand for manufacturing seamless piping in Canada, Tenaris sought to acquire the company and has not looked back since.

    Seamless intranet connectivity throughout a company facility also included secure, uninterrupted connectivity to their source network for roaming users.

    The major Japanese steelmaker is mulling forming a partnership with Vallourec Mannesmann Tubes of France, the top European seamless pipe maker, the officials said.

    The agreement with MICROS-Fidelio provides us with a huge new area of POSs and we see the hospitality industry as especially interesting considering our primary target group, which is mobile urbanites”, says Peter Fredell, CEO of Seamless Distribution AB.

    com/prnh/20130307/600769 The Global and Chinese Seamless Pipe Industry Report 2014 is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Seamless Pipe industry with a focus on the Chinese situation.

    As the only seamless tube mill in Canada and one of the few in North America, it is a vital component of the Tenaris Group, a global alliance of pipe and steel producers.

    The three major Japanese steelmakers had been in talks on the joint venture since the summer as they lost an estimated 50 billion yen in the seamless pipe business in the business year ended March 31.

    STOCKHOLM — Seamless Distribution – a leader in payment solutions using mobile phones, handling over 2.





    16/08/2017

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    2017: The Year That Data and Analytics Go Mainstream – Smarter

    #

    2017: The Year That Data and Analytics Go Mainstream

    To support a ‘data and analytics everywhere’ world, IT professionals need to create a new end-to-end architecture built for agility, scale and experimentation. Today, disciplines are merging and approaches to data and analytics are becoming more holistic and encompassing the entire business.

    Forward-thinking organizations are already on this path. The value created will leave less-prepared competitors trailing in their wake in everything from customer analytics to data monetization to operations planning and more.

    Shifting the way organization uses data and analytics more toward driving business operations requires a new approach to data architectures

    Ted Friedman, vice president and distinguished analyst at Gartner cites three key trends that will drive this profound change in the use of data and analytics:

    • Data and analytics will drive modern business operations, and not simply reflect their performance.
    • Organizations will take a holistic approach to data and analytics. Businesses will create end-to-end architectures that will allow for data management and analytics from the core to the edge of the organization.
    • Executives will make data and analytics part of the business strategy, which will allow data and analytics professionals to assume new roles and create business growth.

    Shifting the way organization uses data and analytics more toward driving business operations requires a new approach to data architectures, which many organizations are already building. Last year Gartner research found that 45% of IT professionals had indicated that new data and analytics projects were in the “design” and “select” phases.

    However, existing data architectures are in most cases not ready for the future of data and analytics. Digital business requires architectures that are purpose-built and flexible to adapt to an organization that expands its data and experiments with it. The rapid scalability of cloud computing infrastructure can make this possible. It’s no longer a question of “if” for using cloud for data and analytics, it’s “how.”

    Key Recommendations

    Gartner recommends data and analytics leaders work proactively to spread analytics throughout their organisation, to get the largest possible benefit from enabling data to drive business actions. This means that analytic capabilities need to be embedded widely: at the points where user interactions and processes are taking place.

    Data and analytics professionals also need to embrace the new roles created by this increased demand, and develop both technical and professional skills that support the end-to-end architecture vision. They can act as vanguards, expanding proven skills and techniques into new business units and areas in the organization.

    As data and analytics become more widely adopted than ever before, the potential for business growth is truly exponential rather than just cumulative. Those who fail to act today will suffer not just in 2017, but also hugely limit their potential for growth in 2018 and beyond, as the returns from increased insight, responsiveness and efficiency snowball.

    Get Smarter

    Gartner Data Analytics Summits
    Gartner analysts will provide additional analysis on data and analytics leadership trends at the Gartner Data Analytics Summits, taking place February 20-21 in Sydney. March 6-9 in Grapevine, Texas. March 20-22 in London. March 23-24 in Tokyo. June 6-7 in Mumbai and June 20-21 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Follow news and updates from the events on Twitter using #GartnerDA .

    Additional Resources

    Read Complimentary Relevant Research

    Data and Analytics Programs Primer for 2017

    The convergence of data and analytics is driving business value and changing decision-making processes enterprisewide. Data and analytics.

    View Relevant Webinars

    Align Marketing & Customer Experience to Build Loyal Advocates

    EDT: 10:00 a.m. & 1:00 p.m. | PDT: 7:00 a.m. & 10:00 a.m. | GMT: 14:00 & 17:00 Great customer experience design demands data-driven.





    15/08/2017

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    What is Monitoring Software? Webopedia Definition #monitoring #software #definition, #web #browser,

    #

    monitoring software

    Related Terms

    Software for monitoring the desktop and online activities of employees, family members, roommates or other users of a computer. Sometimes referred to as parental control software, monitoring software can quietly monitor and log PC and online activities or more actively filter content and block offensive websites from being accessed.

    It isn’t always easy to distinguish monitoring software from spyware. which is why at least one of the following criteria must be met in order for the installation of monitoring software to be considered legal:

    • The owner of the software must also be the owner of the computer it is going to be installed on
    • The owner of the software must be the parent of a minor child
    • The owner of the software must have the consent of all users of the monitored computer

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    12/08/2017

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    In general #general, #online #dictionary, #english #dictionary, #general #definition, #define #general,

    #

    general

    1. special, limited. 5. definite, exact, precise.

    See more antonyms for general

    Which Word When

    1, 2. General, common, popular, universal agree in the idea of being nonexclusive and widespread. General means belonging to, or prevailing throughout, a whole class or body collectively, irrespective of individuals: a general belief. Common means shared by all, and belonging to one as much as another: a common interest; common fund; but use of this sense is frequently avoided because of ambiguity of sense. Popular means belonging to, adapted for, or favored by the people or the public generally, rather than by a particular (especially a superior) class: the popular conception; a popular candidate. Universal means found everywhere, and with no exceptions: a universal longing.

    Tom Thumb

    noun

    a diminutive hero of folk tales.

    an extremely small person; dwarf.

    General, nickname of Charles Sherwood Stratton.

    Translate

    see translations for general

    Examples from the News

    • It also contains some clunky passages of adultery, temptations of the flesh, and general sexual awkwardness.

    Powerful Congressman Writes About ‘Fleshy Breasts’

  • Your general reaction runs along the lines of: “When will these geezers give it up and go for a mall walk or something?”
    The World’s Toughest Political Quiz
  • In general, their presence is meant to throw you off your game by design.
    Brie Larson’s Hollywood Transformation
  • And the Absinthe House has a full list: Other famous imbibers include P.T. Barnum, Oscar Wilde, and General Robert E. Lee.
    The Bars That Made America Great
  • Krivov was sentenced to serve four years at a general regime penal colony for his fight for freedom and human rights.

    Behind Bars for the Holidays: 11 Political Prisoners We Want to See Free In 2015

  • Examples

    • At present it was dark and weather-beaten, and in a general state of neglect.

    Brave and Bold

  • He acquired a general knowledge of the ebb and flow of popular stocks.

    Harry Leon Wilson

    The Spenders

  • These laws are general and their administration should be uniform and equal.
    United States Presidents Inaugural Speeches
  • The steam-boats on the Rhine are in general of a good description.
    Blackwood s Edinburgh Magazine, No. 327
  • Sunday comes, and brings with it a day of general gloom and austerity.

    Sunday under Three Heads





  • 07/08/2017

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    Firewall dictionary definition #firewall, #online #dictionary, #thesaurus, #dictionary, #firewall #definition, #definition

    #

    The definition of a firewall is a security gate for your computer. When it is installed, it analyzes incoming data and allows certain information to pass through if that information is safe and trusted. If information is not trusted or if something tries to pass through that does not belong, then the firewall stops it in its tracks.

    Function of a Firewall

    • A firewall is an installed feature on a computer network that has access to the Internet. Firewalls are basically named after their function, as they work as a digital blocker for harmful material trying to enter a network from the Internet. Firewalls monitor information in and out of your computer to make sure that only safe information reaches your computer.
    • Every website on the Internet carries with it a signature, and sends out information in what are known as packets. These packets contain data that is coded in a manner that is either trusted or distrusted by the firewall settings, depending on the parameters set by the user.
    • If the packets contain data profiles that aren t programmed to be trusted by the firewall, the trusted information is allowed to access the network but all of the distrusted content is blocked and discarded.

    How a Firewall Works

    • The firewall filter siphons all of the coded information as it gets to the firewall, deciphering the coded information and identifying any codes or programming anomalies that may represent a threat to the system.
    • The firewall seeks these distrusted codes out of the packet information and then checks them against the system parameters to determine whether or not to allow the information through the firewall.
    • The firewall works in order to keep websites that pose a threat to the network from accessing the network or any information contained within it.
    • Firewalls often are the first line of defense in many Internet-based systems, acting as a filter for flagged items. If the information entering the network has any flagged coding in its signature, the firewall prevents the information from entering the network.

    Getting a Firewall

    • Most operating systems contain a firewall within them, especially those that include a web browser program, or those that are designed to work in business formats.
    • Home networks, whether they have broadband or wired Internet connections, are also vulnerable to harmful websites and the damage they can inflict, so home users also need protection from a firewall.
    • Firewalls can be purchased in the form of either computer software programs or physical hardware devices which are installed or incorporated into Internet-based systems.

    An example of a firewall is blocking particular domain names from sending data into your home network – such as, if you and your family are diehard Boston Red Sox fans, you could technically block all traffic from nyyankees.com from entering your home.

    firewall

    1. A fireproof wall used as a barrier to prevent the spread of fire.
    2. Computers A software program or hardware device that restricts communication between a private network or computer system and outside networks.

    To protect (a computer or computer network) by means of a firewall.

    (third-person singular simple present firewalls, present participle firewalling, simple past and past participle firewalled)

    1. (computer security) To protect with a firewall.
    2. (computer security) To block with a firewall.
    3. (intransitive, motor vehicles or aircraft, slang) To use maximum acceleration.

    firewall – Computer Definition

    Security software that can actively block unauthorized entities from gaining access to internal resources such as systems, servers, databases, and networks. A firewall may also act to prevent internal users from accessing unauthorized external resources. A firewall is installed in a communications router, server, or some other device that physically and/or logically is a first point of access into a networked system. A packet-filtering firewall examines all data packets, forwarding or dropping individual packets based on predefined rules that specify where a packet is permitted to go, in consideration of both the authenticated identification of the user and the originating address of the request. A proxy firewall acts as an intermediary for user access requests by setting up a second connection to the resource. The proxy then decides if the message or file is safe. A stateful inspection firewall examines packets, notes the port numbers that they use for each connection, and shuts down those ports once the connection is terminated. See also authentication. authorization. proxy firewall. and security .

    A computer program or hardware device used to provide additional security on networks by blocking access from the public network to certain services in the private network. Firewalls contain rule sets that either grant or deny data traffic flowing into or out of a network. Simply put, firewalls are to the perimeter of a network what a moat and wall are to a castle.

    Because system administrators need to grant access from the outside world to some services within the perimeter, such as email or a Web server, they need to drill holes for these services in their firewalls. Unfortunately, these holes can be exploited by perpetrators. For example, control of outgoing traffic is an often neglected area; there is a real risk that users can introduce malicious code into the network by opening an email attachment or by surfing to a Website having malicious content that installs a back door program on an internal system. These back doors initiate connections to an attacker that, from the firewall’s perspective, seem to be coming from “inside” and are therefore allowed. The reality is that back doors can allow attackers to take over control of an internal system and create considerable damage.

    See Also: Back or Trap Door; Electronic Mail or Email; Network ; Security .

    The primary method for keeping a computer secure from intruders. A firewall allows or blocks traffic into and out of a private network or the user’s computer. Firewalls are widely used to give users secure access to the Internet as well as to separate a company’s public Web server from its internal network. Firewalls are also used to keep internal network segments secure; for example, the accounting network might be vulnerable to snooping from within the enterprise. In the home, a personal firewall typically comes with or is installed in the user’s computer (see Windows Firewall ). Personal firewalls may also detect outbound traffic to guard against spyware, which could be sending your surfing habits to a website. They alert you when software makes an outbound request for the first time (see spyware ). In the organization, a firewall can be a stand-alone machine (see firewall appliance ) or software in a router or server. It can be as simple as a single router that filters out unwanted packets, or it may comprise a combination of routers and servers each performing some type of firewall processing. For more about the various firewall techniques, see firewall methods.

    An Excellent Resource

    O’Reilly’s “Building Internet Firewalls, 2nd Edition” by Zwicky, Cooper and Chapman is one of the best books written on Internet and Web security. It covers a huge range of firewall and related topics and should be a “must have” for anyone interested in the subject. (O’Reilly Associates, Inc. 2000, ISBN 1-56592-871-7)





    06/08/2017

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    What is workflow? Webopedia Definition #workflow #definition, #workflow, #define, #define #workflow,

    #

    workflow

    Related Terms

    The defined series of tasks within an organization to produce a final outcome. Sophisticated workgroup computing applications allow you to define different workflows for different types of jobs. So, for example, in a publishing setting, a document might be automatically routed from writer to editor to proofreader to production. At each stage in the workflow, one individual or group is responsible for a specific task. Once the task is complete, the workflow software ensures that the individuals responsible for the next task are notified and receive the data they need to execute their stage of the process.

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    05/08/2017

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    What is Hosting Server? Webopedia Definition #hosting #server, #definition, #define, #what

    #

    hosting server

    Related Terms

    A server dedicated to hosting a service or services for users. Hosting servers are most often used for hosting Web sites but can also be used for hosting files, images, games and similar content. Hosting servers can be shared among many clients (shared hosting servers) or dedicated to a single client (dedicated servers), the latter of which is particularly common for larger Web sites where the hosting needs of the Web site owner necessitate more control and/or bandwidth.

    See also “All About Web Site Hosting” in theDid You Know. sectionof Webopedia.

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    Annuity dictionary definition #annuity, #online #dictionary, #thesaurus, #dictionary, #annuity #definition, #definition

    #

    The definition of an annuity is a sum of money or an investment that is paid at regular intervals.There are two main types of annuities:

    • Fixed rate annuities – The primary goal of the fixed rate annuity is to save money for the long term. You will make monthly payments of premiums into the annuity and upon a specified date of maturation or when you are ready you can withdraw your funds.With a fixed rate annuity, you are guaranteed a certain payout amount based on the rate that was available or agreed upon at the time you purchased your annuity. Many people that are looking for a way to invest their money that offers little to moderate risk prefer the fixed rate annuity.
    • Variable rate annuities – Variable rate annuities differ from the fixed rate varieties because there is not a determined rate at which you will compensated. The rate of return fluctuates with the market. Variable rate annuities are sometimes marketed to people that are capable of handling a higher level of risk.

    Although the method of obtaining and maintaining these two types of annuities are the same, there are differences in how you will be paid in the long run. Also, the type of annuity that you choose will greatly affect the amount of money you can make in a certain period of time. Depending on your savings goals, one type of annuity may be preferable over another.

    Money that people receive regularly once they are retired is an example of an annuity.

    annuity

    pl. – ties

    1. a payment of a fixed sum of money at regular intervals of time, esp. yearly
    2. an investment yielding periodic payments during the annuitant’s lifetime, for a stated number of years, or in perpetuity

    Origin of annuity

    Middle English and Old French annuite from Medieval Latin annuitas from Classical Latin annuus. annual from annus. see annual

    Sentence Examples

    • My rehab wasn’t fully covered by insurance and most of the money is in an annuity I draw each month.
    • At last, when he was reduced to actual destitution, it was arranged that the East India Company should grant him an annuity of 4000 for a term of years, with 90,000 paid down in advance.
    • This annuity expired before his death; and he was compelled to make more than one fresh appeal to the bounty of the Company, which was never withheld.
    • The minimum annual premium is six lire for an annuity of one lira per day at the age of sixty, and insurance against sickness.
    • An annuity equal to the ascertained revenue of the suppressed institutions was placed to the credit of the fund in the government 5% consols.

    How would you define annuity? Add your definition here.

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    02/08/2017

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    What Is a Structured Settlement? #define #structured #settlement

    What Is a Structured Settlement?

    A structured settlement is an arrangement in which payments are made over time after a judgment in a lawsuit or an insurance claim. Some settlements include a portion of the payout up-front, with the remaining balance “structured” into monthly, bi-annual or annual payments.

    History

    Structured settlements were created in the mid-1970s after the Internal Revenue Code allowed defendants to purchase annuities in order to fund financial obligation. The annuities paid out over a period of time, paying the defendant’s judgment. These structured payment plans were devised for “large catastrophic injury cases,” according to RinglerAssociates.com, but now they are just as likely to be used for small-scale cases, with some even under $50,000.

    Function

    Winning a lawsuit or filing an insurance claim for a large sum of money does not mean that you will receive the payment in full at one time. Some companies and individuals prefer to set up a payment structure to meet current and future financial obligations. If you sue and then win a lawsuit, the defendant’s insurance company purchases annuities from another insurance company, who in turn makes the payments to you.

    Considerations

    Most structured settlements include up-front payments for medical expenses, legal fees, and other costs related to the injury. The settlements can continue for a person’s lifetime and even pay a portion to the person’s estate at the time of death.

    Warning

    There are companies whose primary business is to purchase structured settlements. They offer to buy your settlement for a lump sum, allowing you to purchase a home or make some other large expenditure. These companies are in business to make a profit and you will be the one to lose money on the deal, not them. If you find yourself in this situation, carefully consider your options before signing over your payments. Make sure to contact several companies to make sure you receive the most money possible.

    Benefits

    Structured settlement payments are tax free on both the federal and state level, whereas a lump sum payout can incur taxes on any investment proceeds or interest earned from it. Attorney’s fees are often less when a structured settlement is offered and accepted. The benefits of having a steady income over a long period of time can be less worrisome to someone than a large lump sum that needs to be managed or invested.

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    Annuity and structured settlements are popular payment methods for lawsuit cases, lottery payments or other large payment awards. They pay money over.

    In general, the settlement you receive from your insurance company is not taxable income. Insurance is designed to indemnify you or to.

    When you sue another party in court, and there is a good chance that you will win the case, the sued party.

    A structured settlement is when a legal payment is structured in installments rather than a lump sum. The payee can purchase annuities.

    Structured settlements are annuities paid to an individual over the course of time. Such settlements often occur in cases of personal injury.





    31/07/2017

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    Can I use a high-end desktop in place of a server?

    #

    Server vs. High-End PC

    Now that you know your business needs a server, one of your first questions is probably can you use a high-end desktop PCs instead of a dedicated server.

    Once you’ve determined that your business needs a server. one of the first questions you should ask is whether or not you can use a high-end desktops instead of having to invest in a new server. This is a common question, especially during these times of limited resources and tight budgetary constraints.

    While a high-end PC can often work and function as a server in a pinch, especially for certain roles such as file serving, there are several reasons a dedicated server makes a better long-term investment. Some of a dedicated server’s key advantages over a high-end PC include:

    1. Reliability
    2. Performance
    3. Scalability
    4. Security
    5. Long-term Cost Savings

    Reliability and Performance

    One of the most important differences between servers and high-end desktop computers is the use of higher quality hardware in servers that has built-in failproof protection in the form of redundancy. If a desktop component fails, it typically impacts only one user, whereas if a server component fails it can impact a large number of users or even an entire business.

    Redundancy is particularly important for storage, where RAID (redundant array of inexpensive disks) is typically utilized to keep a server up and running even if a hard drive crashes, as well as for power, where backup power sources are utilized to keep a server operational even if the main power supply goes down. These components and other hardware in a server can typically be replaced with minimal or no disruption to users.

    Servers also typically utilize hardware specifically tailored to the needs of businesses, including multiple processors and plenty of RAM to prevent performance degradation when supporting a large number of users.

    Scalability and Security

    Server Scalability: Servers are designed with scalability in mind, so as your business grows your server will have little trouble supporting increases of data, users and network traffic. While a high-end personal computer may meet the existing needs of a smaller business, there’s a high probability that it won’t be able to keep up as the company expands and its network needs increase.

    Server Security: Security can be implemented more efficiently and effectively with servers, since critical business data resides on one central server computer as opposed to being spread out over a large number of computers and storage devices like flash drives. Backing up that data and preventing data loss in the case of a disaster are also much easier tasks when dealing with a central resource and data controller like a server.

    Reduced Administration

    Reduced administration and long-term cost: While you can certainly expect a higher up-front cost when investing in a server as opposed to utilizing an existing high-end desktop, over the long run you’re likely to see a lower total cost of ownership with a server for several reasons. First, with your server serving as a central resource controller there will be fewer components to have to support in terms of administration and maintenance. Additionally, with servers being designed to allow many users to share applications and connections to the Internet and wide area networks (WANs), a high-end server can reduce the need for duplication of hardware as well as additional computers in many cases.

    Choosing the Right Server — Servers are the unsung heroes of the corporate computing environment, working behind the scenes to help get the maximum benefit from the personal computers that people use every day. Before investing in server hardware, you need to consider applications, storage, processor, form factor, and more.

    Advantages of a Server

    While it may seem at first glance to be easier and more cost-effective to utilize a high-end desktop computer as a server rather than purchasing one, a dedicated server offers several key advantages that make it the better choice in most all cases. These advantages include increased reliability and performance, scalability, security, reduced administration and lower total cost of ownership.

    And while a higher initial cost may be an inevitability with a server, there’s a greater chance that over time your business will see reduced costs and increased user productivity with a dedicated server versus a stand-in high-end PC.

    Congratulations! You now have a better understanding of the differences between a server and a high-end desktop computer as well as the benefits that a server can bring to your business!

    Based in Nova Scotia, Canada, Vangie Beal is a freelance writer, covering business and Internet technology for more than a decade. She is also managing editor of Webopedia.com.

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    30/07/2017

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    What is DevOps (Development and Operations)? Webopedia Definition #enterprise, #developer, #software,

    #

    DevOps – development and operations

    DevOps (dev elopment and op erations ) is an enterprise software development phrase used to mean a type of agile relationship between development and IT operations. The goal of DevOps is to change and improve the relationship by advocating better communication and collaboration between these two business units.

    Why Do We Need DevOps in the Enterprise?

    In the enterprise there is a need to break down silos, where business units operate as individual entities within the enterprise where management, processes and information are guarded. On the software development side and for those working in IT operations there needs to be better communication and collaboration to best serve the IT business needs of the organization.

    DevOps Culture

    One answer to breaking down enterprise silos is the move towards a DevOps-based culture that partners developers with operations staff to ensure the organization achieves optimal running of software with minimal problems. This culture is one that supports a willingness to work together and share.

    The DevOps culture puts a focus on creating a fast and stable work flow through development and IT operations. One main goal of DevOps is to deploy features into production quickly and to detect and correct problems when they occur, without disrupting other services.

    DevOps Principles

    DevOps is not based on stringent methodologies and processes: it is based on professional principles that help business units collaborate inside the enterprise and break down the traditional silos. The guiding principles of DevOps include culture, measurement, automation and sharing.

    DevOps is considered to be a new approach to the more traditional application lifecycle management (ALM) process.

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    29/07/2017

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    Big Data Analytics – Gartner Tech Definitions #define #big #data #analytics,

    #

    Analytics has emerged as a catch-all term for a variety of different business intelligence (BI )- and application-related initiatives. For some, it is the process of analyzing information from a particular domain, such as website analytics. For others, it is applying the breadth of BI capabilities to a specific content area (for example, sales, service, supply chain and so on). In particular, BI vendors use the analytics moniker to differentiate their products from the competition. Increasingly, analytics is used to describe statistical and mathematical data analysis that clusters, segments, scores and predicts what scenarios are most likely to happen. Whatever the use cases, analytics has moved deeper into the business vernacular. Analytics has garnered a burgeoning interest from business and IT professionals looking to exploit huge mounds of internally generated and externally available data.

    • Gartner’s Data Analytics Summit – The explosion of data sources, big data analytics use cases, technology and analytics roles is yielding a wealth of new business opportunities. Learn more about how to leverage these opportunities at Gartner’s Data Analytics Summit
    • Free research and webinars from Gartner on Big Data Analytics .

    Digital business dynamics are changing the complete field of data and analytics. CIOs, CDOs, and other data and analytics leaders must evolve traditional approaches to focus on business outcomes, go with the market trends, benefit from algorithmic business, adopt new technologies and build trust.

    Enterprise information management is a business-led program to structure all data and analytics initiatives to drive better business outcomes. Here, we explain how data and analytics leaders, including chief data officers, can align their data and analytics investments to deliver enterprise success.

    Chief analytics officers (CAOs) and analytics leaders are the business equivalents of high-wire artists, maintaining balance while serving multiple masters, adapting to constant business winds and staying current on innovation. Mastering key tactics will help them survive and thrive in these critical roles.

    September 8, 2016

    Data-driven marketing is still maturing in organizations all over the world. For advertising agencies, that represents a tremendous opportunity to expand their business and to improve loyalty from their customer base. However, data and analytics leaders from these agencies must take the lead to build new competencies in order to gain business advantage. This webinar discusses how to tailor a data and analytics strategy to support new demands from the market.





    23/07/2017

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    What is Alcohol Abuse? Alcoholism #what #is #alcohol #abuse, #alcohol #abuse

    What is Alcohol Abuse?

    Just as with any drug, people ask, “what is alcohol abuse?” It can be difficult to tell the difference between social drinking, moderate drinking and alcohol abuse, but the alcohol abuse definition comes down to one key point: is drinking causing problems in the person’s life?

    When people start drinking, alcohol abuse is generally the furthest thing from their minds. Drinking is started recreationally, with friends and is associated with having a good time. This positive view of alcohol can be why it is so easy to slip into alcohol abuse. Often the thoughts of alcohol being a “good time” drug stop people from seeing the signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse.

    What is Alcohol Abuse? – Alcohol Abuse Definition

    The alcohol abuse definition is similar to alcoholism in that in both cases alcohol is causing harm to the drinker’s life and those around them. The difference is that those who abuse alcohol, but are not yet alcoholics, typically can put some limitations on their drinking and they have not yet become physically addicted to alcohol. The key to the alcohol abuse definition is not in the amount of alcohol consumed but on how it affects an individual. (See effects of alcohol )

    What is Alcohol Abuse? – Signs of Alcohol Abuse

    Because the alcohol abuse definition is general, the signs are unique for each person. Some of the signs will be similar to alcoholism but often to a lesser degree. Alcohol abuse is though, by definition, problem drinking. Signs that fit within the alcohol abuse definition include: iii

    • Repeatedly neglecting responsibilities due to drinking or hangover affects
    • Using alcohol in ways that are dangerous, for example, drinking and driving
    • Having repeated legal or financial trouble as a result of drinking
    • Continuing to drink in spite of its negative effects on relationships, work or other priorities
    • Drinking as a way to relax or de-stress
    • Drinking as a way to feel good, or simply not feel bad

    What is Alcohol Abuse? – Effects of Alcohol Abuse

    Long-term alcohol abuse can affect everything in a person’s life from their family, job and finances as well as almost every organ in the body. The most important part in understanding the alcohol abuse definition is determining whether it applies in your life so help for alcohol abuse can be sought as soon as possible.

    It is important to understand that while not everyone who abuses alcohol goes on to become an alcoholic, alcohol abuse is one of the biggest risk factors to becoming an alcoholic.

    More on Alcohol Abuse

    Support Group





    11/07/2017

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    What is Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)? Webopedia Definition #voip, #voice

    #

    VoIP – Voice over Internet Protocol

    Voice over Internet Protocol is a category of hardware and software that enables people to use the Internet as the transmission medium for telephone calls by sending voice data in packets using IP rather than by traditional circuit transmissions of the PSTN .

    Advantages of VoIP

    One advantage of VoIP is that the telephone calls over the Internet do not incur a surcharge beyond what the user is paying for Internet access, much in the same way that the user doesn’t pay for sending individual emails over the Internet.

    There are many Internet telephony applications available. Some, like CoolTalk and NetMeeting, come bundled with popular Web browsers. Others are stand-alone products. VoIP also is referred to as Internet telephony. IP telephony, or Voice over the Internet (VOI).

    Top 5 VoIP Related Questions

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    03/07/2017

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