Allergies: Giving Yourself an Epinephrine Shot #epinephrine #asthma, #giving #yourself #an


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Allergies: Giving Yourself an Epinephrine Shot

Introduction

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. If you have had a severe allergic reaction in the past, you know how frightening it can be. Symptoms of breathing problems, itching, and swelling can come on quickly and become life-threatening. Giving yourself an epinephrine shot can slow down or stop an allergic reaction. That’s why it is important to have epinephrine with you at all times and to know the right way to use it: it could save your life someday.

How do I give the shot?

  1. Your epinephrine injector may have a black or orange tip. Grasp the epinephrine shot injector in one fist with the black (or orange) tip pointing down. Do not touch the tip.
  2. With the other hand, pull off the gray (or blue) cap.
  3. Hold the black or orange tip close to your outer thigh. Swing and jab the tip firmly into your outer thigh. Jab through clothing if you must, but bare skin is best. The injector should go straight into your skin, at a 90-degree angle to your thigh. Do not give the shot into a buttock or a vein.
  4. Keep the injector in your outer thigh for 10 seconds. Note: It is normal for most of the liquid to be left in the injector. Do not try to inject the remaining liquid.
  5. Remove the injector, and place your hand on the area where the medicine entered your skin. Rub the area for about 10 seconds.
  6. Put the used injector, needle-end first, into the storage tube that comes with your injector. Do not bend the needle. Screw on the cap of the storage tube. Bring the used injector with you to the emergency room.

The shot does not replace the need to be seen by a doctor. After giving yourself a shot, seek emergency care. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction can return or get worse after an epinephrine shot.

You should feel the effects of the medicine almost right away. These may include a rapid heartbeat and nervousness as well as improved breathing. The benefits of the shot usually last 10 to 20 minutes.

In some severe cases, you may need to give a second shot. Your doctor will explain when a second shot is needed. Make sure you understand, and ask questions if you are not sure. Too much epinephrine can cause serious side effects, such as trouble breathing.

Credits

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Rohit K Katial, MD – Allergy and Immunology

Current as of February 20, 2015

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information. © 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

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01/10/2017

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How to Choose the Best Charities to Donate To #giving, #charities


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How to Choose the Best Charities to Donate To

All of these organizations purport to do good work and make a difference, so how do you decide which ones are the best charities to donate to?

Back in 2005, an email began to circulate on the Internet imploring people to Think Before You Donate.

The email targeted specific charities whom it claimed were not worthy of your donations because of how much compensation their CEO received, and other charities who were more worthy because of how little compensation the CEO received.

The email went viral and, eleven years later, is still being circulated. Unfortunately, much of the information in it is inaccurate, outdated, and out of context.

But because it was on the Internet, people believed it and kept forwarding it without verifying its claims.

And groups like Goodwill, who were unfairly maligned, have to keep fighting it to set the record straight.

Despite the fact that people didn t think (or verify) before forwarding this email on to others, the premise behind it was good – we should think before we donate. But what criteria should we use before donating to charity? And how can we be sure that our money will be used well and go to the people who need it?

Choosing the Best Charities

Here are four things to consider when choosing which charities to donate to

1. Affinity

Give to charities that you re personally connected to or affiliated with somehow. Like your church or denomination, your alma mater, an organization you volunteer with, a listener-supported radio station you listen to, etc. The closer you are to the organization, the more confident you can be that they re really doing what they say they re going to do, and in the way you hoped they d do it.

2. A Cause You Care About

Give to charities that are working on causes or passion areas you really care about. Like evangelism and missions, abortion prevention, cancer research, the environment, politics, the arts, children, fraternal organization, the symphony, museums, etc. The more you care about what they do, the more you ll want to stay engaged and informed.

3. Good Financial Stewardship

Give to charities that spend the majority of their income on programming and lesser amounts on overhead costs like fundraising and administration. There is no hard or fast rule on how much is acceptable for overhead – it varies depending on the type of organization and where it is in its life cycle.

For example, new organizations often spend more on fundraising and administration for the first few years because they re just getting started. But a general rule of thumb for the best charities is to spend 80-90% on programming and just 10-20% on overhead (including staff salaries and fundraising costs).

Another factor to look at is how much the organization pays in salary to their CEO, which is what that Think Before You Donate hoax was getting after. But compensation is somewhat subjective because it all depends on the context like the CEO s experience, the organization s size, scope and budget, the cost of living in the community where the organization is located, etc.

4. Good Board Governance and Accountability

Give to charities that have an active, informed, and independent board. A good rule of thumb for the board is to have at least five members who are not employees of the organization or family members of the CEO.

If the board is made up of several staff or family members, there is greater risk that they will not act independently or in the best interests of the organization. Also, look to see if they submit to an annual independent audit or review of their financial records.

Researching Charities

So how do you know if the charity you re interested in supporting practices good financial stewardship and board governance? Should you really be giving to them? Here s how you find out.

1. Contact them for information.

Don t be afraid to call and ask to speak to someone about the work they do, how much of their income goes to programming expenses, etc.

2. Research their website.

Many organizations are open and transparent about their financial and management practices and post their most recent financial audit report or IRS 990 form online for all to see.

The audit report is a report of their finances and financial practices, which is conducted by an independent accounting firm. The 990 form is an annual tax return that most tax-exempt organizations (excluding churches) are required to file with the IRS each year.

3. Check third-party sources.

It s easier than ever to research charities online thanks to charity evaluator and accreditation sites like GuideStar. Charity Navigator. and the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA). Each site offers an easy way to look-up your favorite charity to see if they re listed and to learn about their governance, finances, programming focus, and more.

What are the best charities to donate to? For me, they do work I believe in and am passionate about, are financially responsible, and open and transparent. What do you look for when deciding which charities to donate to? Leave a comment!

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This is great advice when deciding where to donate your money. I feel like there are a ton of great charities out there, but there are definitely more than a few bad ones. I agree that overhead costs should be minimal. I m donating to support the cause, not the people who run the organization.

Not so long ago I watched a TED talk that argued that spending money on fund raising was a good idea because of the extra amounts of money it brought in. The argument was that by reducing the money spent on fund raising some charities were shooting themselves in the foot. The speaker did not agree with measuring fund raising as a proportion of total expenditure and therefore kept to a minimum. What he wanted to see was the money used for fund raising events being regarded as investments. If the money spent brought in a healthy profit then the event was worth doing. An interesting perspective but very much one from the business world i.e. spending money to make money.

I do check the financial ratings before I give to an organization, but do you not think as a Christian our money should be going to feed the hungry, provide clean drinking water and help in these ways that the Bible talks about. There are enough people in the secular world to give to the arts and organizations that do not take care of humanity. The Bible speaks of taking care of the poor more than anything else and the world is in God s vision not just our community or the United States and I think as a follower of Jesus we would take care of those that struggle through no fault of their own droughts the government floods.

Money, lack there of usually isn t the root of poverty. Most often its poor leadership, socialism, and out right govt thievery. Gotta pull the weed by the root or it will never die.


09/09/2017

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Giving the gift of flight with airline gift cards #tickets #for

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Giving the gift of flight with airline gift cards

Terms and conditions vary, so do your homework first

By Allie Johnson

Airline gift cards can be an easy way to give the gift of travel in a neat little package. Anyone considering giving one of these cards as a gift, though, should check the terms and conditions ahead of time, be careful when choosing the airline and make sure the recipient will use it (see Airline gift card comparison chart ).

You have to make sure the card you get is convenient for the recipient, says travel expert Marybeth Bond, who offers travel tips on her website. But the nice thing is that a gift card offers flexibility — you can use it to buy a ticket to anywhere.

Though retail gift cards have been around for well over a decade, airline gift cards took a bit longer to catch on. Many domestic airlines have now done away with gift certificates and offer only plastic or virtual gift cards. In most cases, buyers of airline gift cards don’t have to worry about the major snags associated with some retail gift cards: Most airline cards do not expire or diminish in value if the card goes unused, even for years.

There are still catches and restrictions to watch out for, though, and even questions about whether a gift card still will be good if an airline goes bankrupt or merges. So, here’s a guide to the ins and outs of using airline gift cards.

The best way to buy

Walk into a major discount store, grocery store or warehouse club, and you might see airline gift cards hanging near the checkout. However, it’s best to resist the urge to make an impulse purchase, experts say. The best place to buy them is on the airline’s website, says gift card expert Kwame Kuadey, CEO of the gift-card swapping site GiftCardRescue.com. If you buy them in a store, they only come in very small denominations, and $50 or $100 is really just a down payment on a ticket.

Purchasing multiple cards would be an option — though maybe an awkward one, since the recipient would have to keep track of all that plastic — but most airlines put restrictions on the number of cards that can be used for the purchase of a single ticket. One question to ask the airline is whether you can redeem multiple cards when booking a single ticket, Kuadey says.

Buying the card on an airline’s website also offers added security. Websites that specialize in selling gift cards hawk airline gift cards at a discount — so do individuals on Craigslist and eBay — but just about all airlines’ terms and conditions warn that cards purchased anywhere but through the airline or an authorized retailer might not be valid.

4 things to consider when buying an airline gift card or gift certificate

Before airline gift cards became available, gift certificates provided a way to buy air travel for someone else. Some airlines still don’t offer gift cards, but do offer paper or electronic gift certificates. Here are some things to consider when trying to decide between a gift card and a gift certificate:

  1. As with gift cards, the maximum dollar amount of a gift certificate varies from airline to airline.
  2. Most gift certificates, like most cards, are transferable to another person. However, if there’s any chance the recipient might not use the certificate, it’s a good idea to double check.
  3. As with gift cards, places where gift certificates can be redeemed vary. Gift cards typically cannot be redeemed through a travel agent, but some gift certificates can.
  4. It is becoming more common for airlines to not offer a paper gift certificate option and instead send the certificate by email, so there’s no physical gift for the recipient to open.

After purchasing a gift card on an airline’s website, the buyer typically has several shipping options for the card — usually standard, two-day or overnight shipping for a charge of between $3 and $15. Or, some airlines offer the free option of giving a virtual card — an email sent to the recipient with a card number and PIN number.

Watch out for pitfalls

Travel experts say the biggest mistake the giver of an airline gift card can make is choosing the wrong airline. To avoid that, pick an airline the recipient flies frequently or one that has a nearby hub or offers a large number of flights in and out of the major airport closest to the recipient’s home, Bond recommends. If you have a specific trip in mind, check the routes ahead of time, Bond says.

BestFares.com CEO Tom Parsons, a budget travel expert who has been in the travel business for about 30 years, says being locked into one airline can still cause problems. For one, another airline might be offering a bargain flight to the cardholder’s chosen destination. Also, the airline might charge extra fees that the gift card recipient will have to pay out of pocket. There might be a baggage fee, a kid-flies-solo fee, change fees, a charge for a blanket and $3 for a soda pop, Parsons says. So, checking the airline’s baggage and other fees before your purchase is a good idea.

Consumer advocates say another risk of airline gift cards is that some airlines state in their terms and conditions that they will not freeze funds on and replace a lost or stolen card. Beware. If your card is lost or stolen, you could either be in for a big hassle — or out of luck, says Jack Gillis, director of public affairs with the Consumer Federation of America. Gift card expert Kuadey agrees: These are high-value gifts, so you want to make sure the card is replaceable.

If you’re giving an airline gift card — especially to someone who might not use it right away — a possible future airline bankruptcy also could be an issue. If an airline goes bankrupt, it’s hard to predict whether it will be easy for you to get your money, Gillis says. So, before you buy, think about, ‘How solvent is that airline?’

In tough economic times, an airline gift card can provide the luxury of travel for someone who might not otherwise be able to afford it. But an airline gift card isn’t for everyone. For example, it might not be right to give to someone who is on too tight a budget to pay for a hotel or restaurant meals. You might have a $300 gift card, but if you don’t have the other money for a trip, the card might just sit around, Kuadey says.

Instead, experts recommend giving an airline gift card to someone who is travel-savvy or who is planning a specific trip but hasn’t yet purchased tickets. It can also work for a friend or relative who has always wanted to go to a particular place but needs a nudge to actually take the big step and plan something. It wouldn’t be as good a gift for people who don’t have the habit of traveling, Bond says.

Giving an airline gift card did work well for writer and designer Tamela Terry, who chipped in with her sister on a $200 American Airlines card for their mother’s birthday. Terry’s mother used the gift to fly from Texas to Maryland for a family party. It was easy peasy — completely painless, Terry says. There was a downside, though. Terry and her sister chose to have the card number and PIN sent via email to avoid a shipping fee, so the presentation was not impressive. Terry says: It was pretty underwhelming.

Even opening a plastic gift card can seem impersonal, but experts say you can get around that with creative presentation. Gift expert Leah Ingram, author of Gifts Anytime: How to Find the Perfect Present for Any Occasion, who offers tips on her website GiftsandEtiquette.com, suggests perusing online auction sites for an unusual flight-related item, such as a vintage airline bag, and adding little extras that could come in handy on a trip — chewing gum, hand sanitizer, a map, travel-sized toiletries — along with the gift card.

Get anything you can think of that screams airport or airplane and put it in a kitschy bag or even buy a cute new carry-on bag, Ingram says. You can really make it fun.

Updated: November 13, 2013

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31/03/2017

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