Trump s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do


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Trump’s revenge? Laptop ban may not have much to do with plane security

US to ban electronic devices on many flights

From Tuesday on, passengers travelling to the US from 10 airports in eight Muslim-majority countries will not be allowed to have iPads, laptops or any communications device larger than a smartphone in the cabin of the plane.

If you are travelling from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, or the UAE on Egypt Air, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Kuwait Airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Saudi Arabian Airlines, or Turkish Airlines, and you want to use your laptop on the flight, you are probably out of luck.

So why is the United States doing this, and how can it get away with it?

The US says it’s all about security

The Trump administration says the new rules were introduced because of intelligence that shows terrorists are continuing to target airlines flying to the United States.

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An unidentified person familiar with the issue has told The Washington Post that officials have long been worried by a Syrian terrorist group that is trying to build bombs inside electronic devices that are hard to detect.

However, as Demitri Sevastopulo and Robert Wright at the Financial Times suggest, non-US observers are skeptical of this explanation. They note that the United States has not been forthcoming about whether the ban is based on recent intelligence or long-standing concerns.

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There is also no explanation for why electronic devices in the cabin are a concern, and electronic devices in the baggage hold are not.

There is another explanation

It may not be about security after all. Three of the airlines that have been targeted for these measures – Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways – have long been accused by their US competitors of receiving massive effective subsidies from their governments.

These airlines have been quietly worried for months that President Trump was going to retaliate. This may be the retaliation.

These three airlines, as well as the other airlines targeted in the order, are likely to lose a major amount of business from their most lucrative customers – people who travel in business class and first class.

Business travellers are disproportionately likely to want to work on the plane – the reason they are prepared to pay business-class or first-class fares is because it allows them to work in comfort. These travellers are unlikely to appreciate having to do all their work on smartphones, or not being able to work at all.

The likely result is that many of them will stop flying on Gulf airlines, and start travelling on US airlines instead.

As the Financial Times notes, the order doesn’t affect only the airlines’ direct flights to and from the United States – it attacks the “hub” airports that are at the core of their business models.

These airlines not only fly passengers directly from the Gulf region to the United States – they also fly passengers from many other destinations, transferring them from one plane to another in the hubs.

This “hub and spoke” approach is a standard economic model for long-haul airlines, offering them large savings. However, it also creates big vulnerabilities. If competitors or unfriendly states can undermine or degrade the hub, they can inflict heavy economic damage.

Weaponising interdependence

As we have argued in the past, and talk about in forthcoming work, the US move can be understood as a variant form of “weaponised interdependence.”

We live in an interdependent world, where global networks span across countries, creating enormous benefits, but also great disparities of power.

As networks grow, they tend to concentrate both influence and vulnerability in a few key locations, creating enormous opportunities for states, regulators and non-state actors who have leverage over those locations.

In this context, the United States is plausibly leveraging its control over access to US airports, which are central “nodes” in the global network of air travel between different destinations.

It is using this control to attack the key vulnerabilities of other networked actors, by going after the central nodes in their networks (the hub airports) and potentially severely damaging them.

What can Gulf airline carriers do?

Gulf airlines have tried to defend themselves against political attacks from US competitors by appealing to free trade principles. The problem is that standard free trade agreements, such as World Trade Organisation rules, don’t really apply to airlines (although they do apply to related sectors, such as the manufacture of airplanes).

This has allowed the Gulf airlines to enjoy massive subsidies, without having to worry too much about being sued in the WTO.

However, it also makes it hard for Gulf states or the states of other affected airlines to take a WTO case against the new US rules, even if these rules turn out to be motivated by protectionism and the desire to retaliate, rather than real underlying security questions.

If this were happening in a different sector, it would make for a pretty interesting case.

States preserve carve-outs from international trade rules when they feel that their security is at stake.

Would the United States prevail in a case like this, where there is a colourable security justification, but where there is also a very plausible argument that the real motivation doesn’t have much to do with security?

Or would the WTO defer to the United States’ proposed justification?

It’s very likely that the Trump administration will make more unilateral rules that are justified using the language of national security, but are plausibly motivated by protectionism, so we may find out.

Farrell is associate professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. Newman is associate professor of international politics at Georgetown University. For other commentary from The Monkey Cage. an independent blog anchored by a group of political scientists from universities around the country, see www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage.

The Washington Post

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04/09/2017

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Flights to Middle East – Search and Compare Middle East Flights

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Cheap Flights to Middle East

Flights to Middle East

Overview Mysterious and Exotic! There aren’t too many adjectives that can aptly describe the true essence, vibe and glitz of Middle East. Postcard-perfect landscapes, charismatic cultures, historical treasures, tantalizing culinary delights and a riveting world of sightseeing attractions reasons are certainly aplenty to look for air tickets on cheap flights to the Middle East destinations. From the scintillating sand dunes of Sahara desert to the ravishing stretch of Dead Sea, those buying these tickets on Middle East bound flights need to scratch below the surface to realise the world within the world. The wonderland of UAE is like a time machine to the future and the land of largest buildings, shopping malls, airport terminals on face of the earth. Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Sharjah are its top draws that steal the show and remain highly revered destinations among global travellers especially Britons. Move ahead and find the paradise like Muscat in Oman and Kingdom of Bahrain where majesty lives and breathes. The cities like Istanbul and Jerusalem are emerging as the remarkable destinations for some distinctive panache. But what binds these Middle Eastern gems is the eternal Islamic flair and ubiquitous cultural elan that extends from the labyrinth of souks to opulent hotels. Waste no time and book your flight tickets to experience the magic called the Middle East!

Winter (September to February) remains the best time to visit Middle East. Dulcet weather with average temperatures around 20 C is conducive to outdoor activities and sightseeing. It is the peak season when tons of holidaymakers’ book flight tickets to jaunt UAE and Oman, in addition to other Middle Eastern destinations. Summer is extremely scorching, with temperatures often reaching 40 C, making sightseeing and other outdoor activities quite difficult. However, the time is perfect for those seeking cheap flights and holiday deals to the region with less focus on outdoors.

Ranging from beach vacations to desert tours, every kinds of holiday is possible in the Middle East. The UAE is a hunting ground where luxury holidays take on a new meaning at some of the world’s most opulent properties. Its scintillating cities including Dubai and Abu Dhabi also ensure the best of family, adventure, cultural and beach holidays in addition to rewarding honeymoon. Muscat and Kingdom of Bahrain with their incredible tourist trappings spanning beaches, culture, architecture etc leave one gloating over the decision of buying tickets on flights and holidays to the Middle East.

Most of the Middle Eastern destinations especially UAE, Muscat and Bahrain are tourist friendly. However, westerners are advised to pay heed to certain aspects related to their conduct. The omnipresent Islamic customs and traditions must be respected and holidaymakers should mind the do’s and dont’s of dress code. Ramadaan is a time of austerity and eating in public is a strict no. Acts like public display of affection are frowned upon. The medical infrastructure in Middle East matches the standards of the UK. It is sensible to buy travel insurance for warding off heavy medical expenses. Tourists planning a vacation can browse the FCO travel advice to have fair knowledge of the key travel aspects like visa, passport requirements and restricted areas.





06/07/2017

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Educational Technology #engaging #activities,high #school #(grades: #9-12),language #arts,middle #school #(grades: #6-8),professional


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CATEGORY: Educational Technology

Posted May 2, 2017

Sure, adolescents spend too much time “glued to their screens,” but why not turn that to your advantage — and theirs? Students love of technology can be a powerful force in language arts classrooms thanks to the possibilities of digital storytelling. Students’ beloved smartphones can be essential tools for sharing their unique thoughts and experiences

Posted November 14, 2016

Long gone are the days when high school seniors filled out individual applications online to each of their choice schools — and further gone are handwritten applications mailed out individually with enough time before the deadlines. For the past several years, prospective college students have been able to apply to their choice schools in a

Posted October 31, 2016

While PowerPoint remains an industry standard for creating effective and engaging presentations, several new and innovative options enable students and teachers alike to create presentations for in-person and virtual audiences. Presentation options used to be much more limited. Either we needed certain software or a specific computer type, or the cost was prohibitive. That’s all

Posted September 13, 2016

Today’s education models tend to focus on a child’s achievement deficits — if students aren’t reading at grade level, for instance, then teachers try to get them caught up. Mindprint Learning flips this model, using cognitive tests to identify children’s strengths and engage them in ways that compensate for their weaknesses. The goal: Let kids

Posted April 6, 2016

Stackup is a Chrome browser extension that measures students’ time learning on the Internet. “Teachers use Stackup to make free reading fun and accountable,“ said Nick Garvin, the company’s CEO. Browser extension measures the time students spend learning online by subject or website Students can use the browser extension to research subjects that interest them,

Posted August 27, 2015

Early childhood arts-based learning is suffering at many schools. Despite recognizing the benefits of art instruction, teachers have less time for creativity and fun during class time. School budgets for visiting artists are tight as well. Cutbacks appear to be nationwide and beyond. Canadian schools, for instance, are dealing with the same budgetary realities,” said

Posted September 10, 2014

Knowing how to calculate volume, area and perimeters isn’t just reserved for mathematicians, physicists and engineers. It’s an important skill that workers use every day in dozens of professions including carpenters, surveyors, landscapers, painters and architects. And it all starts with simple geometry. Geometry has been a part of most middle and high school math

Posted September 2, 2014

For generations of chemistry students, the Periodic Table of the Elements has been a must-have tool for solving science homework problems and completing classroom tests. Scientists developed the periodic table in the late 19th century to organize elements, the basic building blocks of ordinary matter, into a cohesive document that can be studied and shared. The

Posted August 27, 2014

Now is a great time to be a social studies or government teacher, thanks in part to a multitude of technology resources that can help educators engage students, promote classroom deliberation and develop rich K-12 lesson plans. An excellent example of those resources is the website C-SPAN Classroom, which provides high-quality, up-to-date teaching materials for

Posted August 18, 2014

Studying historical facts and figures has been a mainstay in elementary and secondary schools for generations. That’s especially true in government and civics classes, where students learn about the U.S. presidents and their places in history. But memorizing this information can be a monotonous task for some students. Fortunately, technology can help make that job

Posted August 11, 2014

One of the best ways to engage students in learning is to include multimedia in lesson plans. Audio, video and interactivity in lessons tend to keep students interested and help them retain the material better. That’s the idea behind the popular BrainPOP collection of educational websites, programs and animated movies. Since 1999, BrainPOP curriculum-based content

Posted August 6, 2014

For generations of K-12 students, a paper notebook or three-ring binder was a necessity for classroom organization. But thanks to technology, today’s students can cast aside paper organizers in favor of mobile apps that take classroom organization to a whole new level. Mobile organization apps let students combine lecture notes, study materials and classroom resources

Posted March 21, 2014

When Rod Powell’s school went one-to-one, giving a computer to every student, he was thrilled with the opportunity for professional development offered by the North Carolina school district where he teaches history. But he knew he wanted to learn about more than the machine. Powell wanted to know how to bring technology into his students’

Posted March 6, 2014

Melissa Techman is a librarian who knows her tech. And she’s willing to share. The Broadus Wood Elementary School’s librarian expands her reach beyond her home district in Virginia. She is on Twitter, Diigo, Symbaloo and Pinterest as mtechman, sharing tech tips and tools for educators. Techman first used technology in her library when she

Posted December 19, 2013

With the days of dusty card catalogs long gone, school librarians are taking a leading role in bringing technology into K-12 education. Promoting the importance of technology in education is just one of librarians’ many roles in schools. By serving as role models for technology use and demonstrating how technological resources serve students’ learning aims,

Posted December 14, 2013

Some exciting education technology trends appear poised to influence the classroom in new ways. They could give teachers access to a broader range of education options while helping students better prepare for the world they will face. Mobile apps Veteran teachers, new teachers and those training to become teachers are probably all familiar with mobile apps .

Posted November 1, 2013

With the costs of education skyrocketing, students can t pass up a chance for a free online textbook. Whatever the subject matter, these textbooks allow teachers to pass the cost savings on to their students and parents. Textbooks can be found for elementary students just beginning their education as well as for college students in specialized

Posted July 29, 2013

If you really want to integrate technology into the classroom, asking which apps are best for math or science is the wrong question. “There’s tons of great math apps if you are trying to skill and drill , but there’s more to technology than that,” said Jon Samuelson, best known as iPadSammy from his blog of

Posted June 5, 2013

Education is continuously changing, and so are the techniques. The visual literacy classroom is becoming a priority to keep up with digital technology trends in learning. The capacity, comprehension and communication of current students differ considerably from the student of 10 and even five years ago. The classroom environment must adapt to the students learning

Posted April 29, 2013

Education technology is at the forefront of discussions about how education will look in the future. Gaming technology and digital badges may play a significant part of that process. While there seems to be a growing reluctance to keep score in youth sports, a new way of tracking wins and losses may just be what’s

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17/06/2017

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Bachelors degree in early childhood education #early #childhood, #elementary #school, #middle


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Early Childhood Special Education

What is Early Intervention?

Supports and services delivered to infants and toddlers from birth through age three who are not developing as expected or who have a medical condition that can delay normal development. Early intervention supports and services focus on increasing the child’s participation in family and community activities that are important to the family. In addition, supports and services focus on helping parents and other caregivers know how to find ways to help the child learn during everyday activities. These supports and services are available for all eligible children and their families regardless of the family’s ability to pay.

Early Intervention Services are provided by the local Infant Toddler Connection program .

What is Early Childhood Special Education?

Services delivered to preschool aged children from age two (whose birthday falls on or before September 30) through five who experience a disability and require special education. Educators, along with the child’s family, develop an individualized education program (IEP) with goals and objectives to meet the child’s developmental needs. The goals and objectives include a variety of skills and/or activities for the child to learn and use consistently.

Early Childhood Special Education (Part B of IDEA) and Early Intervention (Part C of IDEA), in Virginia, provide services for children from birth to Kindergarten age who qualify according to state and federal law. All localities in the state have services available for children in this age group who are eligible.

Early Intervention services are provided for infants and toddlers with a disability. Infant and toddler with a disability means a child who is eligible to receive services in the Part C early intervention system up to age three who:

  • has delayed functioning;
  • manifests atypical development or behavior;
  • has behavioral disorders that interfere with acquisition of developmental skills; or
  • has a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in delay, even though no current delay exists. COV § 2.1-760; 34 CFR § 303.16 (a).

Preschool aged children from age two (whose birthday falls on or before September 30) through five with a disability may be found eligible for Early Childhood Special Education services under one or more of 14 disability categories, which are defined in the federal and state regulations:

  • autism
  • deaf-blind
  • emotional disability
  • hearing impairment
  • learning disability
  • intellectual disability
  • multiple disabilities
  • orthopedic impairment
  • other health impairment
  • speech or language impairment
  • traumatic brain injury
  • visual impairment / blindness
  • developmental delay

The long term goal for our preschool aged children is for them to be as ready as possible to enter kindergarten. The earlier services are provided for children with disabilities, the better the long term prognosis. Children with special needs who have experienced support early in life do better in future settings.

Smooth transitions from early intervention to early childhood special education and then into Kindergarten are important. Families, children, sending, and receiving programs all need to share information and support each other. Transition activities need to be timely to assure access to appropriate services for the child. The transition should also be smooth and seamless between programs, people, and services.

Early Childhood Special Education services are provided by local school divisions. Local school divisions’ Special Education Departments should be contacted for specific information about their programs see the public school division directory .

Additional resources are available for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) leaders responsible for administrative oversight of local ECSE programs. The Leadership in Effective And Developmentally-appropriate Services in ECSE (LEADS) website provides consistent information statewide to improve the collection, reporting, and use of ECSE indicator data; and connect, support, and empower local leaders to build capacity and provide high-quality programs and services throughout the state for young children ages 2-5 years with IEPs.

Additional resources are available for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) leaders responsible for administrative oversight of local ECSE programs. The Leadership in Effective And Developmentally-appropriate Services in ECSE (LEADS) website provides consistent information statewide to improve the collection, reporting, and use of ECSE indicator data; and connect, support, and empower local leaders to build capacity and provide high-quality programs and services throughout the state for young children ages 2-5 years with IEPs.


17/06/2017

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What – s the Sweet Spot for Buying International Airline Tickets?

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What s the Sweet Spot for Buying International Airline Tickets?

Book early and save on airfare, right? Not so fast, savvy traveler.

The sweet spot for buying international trips appears to be two to three months before departure. For peak-season summer trips, for example, data compiled for this week’s Middle Seat show that fares were lowest in April. If you booked earlier than that, you likely paid more.

When to buy your ticket is one of the most vexing decisions for travelers. Airlines bounce fares up and down regularly, sometimes several times in the same day. Sales come and go quickly, and availability of cheap seats on prime flights can be scarce. Travelers who wait for a better price can end up disappointed when prices keep rising. Travelers who jump on a fare at first search may end up angry if the price drops. It can be like playing poker against airlines.

With domestic trips, sales are typically launched Monday nights and the cheapest prices can often be found buying on Tuesdays and Wednesdays. (Most leisure travelers shop on the weekends, however, when prices may be higher.) I wrote about that last year in this Middle Seat column .

But things are different when trying to time the purchase of international trips. International sales are seasonal, not weekly, fare experts say, and often route-by-route rather than global. A major sale for fall travel often kicks in about the end of July or early August. The cheapest prices of the year are for travel in February, fare experts say, and those deals usually show up in November and early December.

For peak-season travel, fares start fairly high and then come down. Airlines start more-actively managing pricing on flights about three-to-four months before departure. That’s also when shoppers start getting more active.

For every route, airlines load a dozen or more different fares into reservation systems and then pick which one applies to a specific flight at a specific time, usually based on how well that flight is selling and what the airline expects in future demand for seats, including demand from business travelers who book later.

Harrell Associates compared 100 different routes to Europe and found the highest prices for peak-season fares were in October, on average, so buying that early for summer would have been a mistake. The cheapest time to buy that peak-period fare: April.

How do you know if you’ve found a good fare? Check prices often, if you can, and write down the lowest fare offered. Having that historical information will help you evaluate when a price is worth grabbing. The travel-booking section at Microsoft’s Bing.com offers several months of historical prices on select routes. If that’s available for your itinerary, it’s a huge help: You can see from the chart whether the current price is high or low compared to past prices.

Are Online Travel Vendors Trustworthy? Next

For Sale: Your TSA Confiscated Items. Cheap.





20/05/2017

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Flights to Middle East – Search and Compare Middle East Flights

#cheap tickets flights
#

Cheap Flights to Middle East

Flights to Middle East

Overview Mysterious and Exotic! There aren’t too many adjectives that can aptly describe the true essence, vibe and glitz of Middle East. Postcard-perfect landscapes, charismatic cultures, historical treasures, tantalizing culinary delights and a riveting world of sightseeing attractions reasons are certainly aplenty to look for air tickets on cheap flights to the Middle East destinations. From the scintillating sand dunes of Sahara desert to the ravishing stretch of Dead Sea, those buying these tickets on Middle East bound flights need to scratch below the surface to realise the world within the world. The wonderland of UAE is like a time machine to the future and the land of largest buildings, shopping malls, airport terminals on face of the earth. Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Sharjah are its top draws that steal the show and remain highly revered destinations among global travellers especially Britons. Move ahead and find the paradise like Muscat in Oman and Kingdom of Bahrain where majesty lives and breathes. The cities like Istanbul and Jerusalem are emerging as the remarkable destinations for some distinctive panache. But what binds these Middle Eastern gems is the eternal Islamic flair and ubiquitous cultural elan that extends from the labyrinth of souks to opulent hotels. Waste no time and book your flight tickets to experience the magic called the Middle East!

Winter (September to February) remains the best time to visit Middle East. Dulcet weather with average temperatures around 20 C is conducive to outdoor activities and sightseeing. It is the peak season when tons of holidaymakers’ book flight tickets to jaunt UAE and Oman, in addition to other Middle Eastern destinations. Summer is extremely scorching, with temperatures often reaching 40 C, making sightseeing and other outdoor activities quite difficult. However, the time is perfect for those seeking cheap flights and holiday deals to the region with less focus on outdoors.

Ranging from beach vacations to desert tours, every kinds of holiday is possible in the Middle East. The UAE is a hunting ground where luxury holidays take on a new meaning at some of the world’s most opulent properties. Its scintillating cities including Dubai and Abu Dhabi also ensure the best of family, adventure, cultural and beach holidays in addition to rewarding honeymoon. Muscat and Kingdom of Bahrain with their incredible tourist trappings spanning beaches, culture, architecture etc leave one gloating over the decision of buying tickets on flights and holidays to the Middle East.

Most of the Middle Eastern destinations especially UAE, Muscat and Bahrain are tourist friendly. However, westerners are advised to pay heed to certain aspects related to their conduct. The omnipresent Islamic customs and traditions must be respected and holidaymakers should mind the do’s and dont’s of dress code. Ramadaan is a time of austerity and eating in public is a strict no. Acts like public display of affection are frowned upon. The medical infrastructure in Middle East matches the standards of the UK. It is sensible to buy travel insurance for warding off heavy medical expenses. Tourists planning a vacation can browse the FCO travel advice to have fair knowledge of the key travel aspects like visa, passport requirements and restricted areas.





16/05/2017

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